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karma in Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Persian literature

karma in Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Persian literature

Karma is one of the laws of the universe. This law happens every day in our lives. Perhaps with every sentence and behavior we do. In this article, we describe karma law and its effect in life. We will mention the points about this law in the Persian literature and examine the Islamic opinion about karma law.


What iskarma?

Karma is aSanskrit word. The meaning of karma is about human performance in life. Karmasays that our functions in life automatically have results in our life. In fact,Karma says that everyone’s behavior in life creates the power that determineshow he lives. In other words, Karma law says that whatever we do, it returns toourselves.

Buddha saysabout Karma:

To whatever object a man’s own mind is attached, to that he goes strenuously together with his deed; and having obtained the end (the last results) of whatever deed he does here on earth, he returns again from that world (which is the temporary reward of his deed) to this world of action. So much for the man who desires.


Some peoplealso know this law with other names. Including law of the echo, law ofreflection of acts, law of the boomerang, and law of the action and reaction.But you have to know that there are two types of karma.

Know thetypes of karma

Know the types of karma

The firsttype of Karma which was mentioned above is known as Agricultural Karma. Thatis, how much you plant, you reap the same. Or, as we said above, whatever wedo, the result is returned to ourselves.

But thesecond type of karma is inner karma. That is, the work you do not only returnedto yourself, but also has some effects within you. To illustrate the differencebetween these two types of karma we give examples. Suppose a person deceivesomeone about getting married. Karma type1 (Agricultural Karma) says that thismay happen to the deceiver person. It means that someone else deceives him. Orsomething else, which is the result of this deception, happen to that person.

The innerkarma in this example says that the effect of his deception appears inside him.This means that he cannot trust anyone. For example, even if he is reallyinterested in someone, he may be sick because of the bad karma he has producedand can no longer trust someone to marry. Of course there are some points aboutKarma law that you should know.

Somepoints about karma

Forunderstanding karma better, we refer to 4 points.

The firstpoint – this law is more related to the intention of the people

Maybe theappearance of two peoples’ function is similar, but their intentions aredifferent. So karma behaves differently with them. We have heard, for example,that many wealthy people, with the intention of not paying for the tax,establish charity foundation. Of course, karma’s response to them is differentfrom the ones whose intention are helping the people.

Thesecond point – Karma’s response may be slow but sure

The second point – Karma’s response may be slow but sure

Do not waitfor karma’s response in specific time. Sometimes karma law may quickly returnthe results of your action to yourself. Sometimes it may take a long time. Manypeople believe that the level of cleanliness and purity of the human being hasa significant impact on the time it takes for karma’s response. In any case,you should not expect karma law to answer you or others immediately and at thesame time.

The thirdpoint – Karma law definitely answer

The third point – Karma law definitely answer

Theopportunity to live in this world is very limited. In most cases there may benot enough opportunity to get the answer from Karma law. On the other hand,perhaps many things do not have the possibility to be answered by Karma law inthis world. Suppose someone takes care of many orphans. In this world, can karmalaw really answer his good work?

Those whobelieve in the world hereafter say that karma’s response is in another world.Those who believe in transmogrification (living in other forms after death) saythat good and bad karma is transmitted to the next lives of people. However,Karma is one of the laws of the universe, and all those who are familiar withthis concept agree that if this law does not answer us in this world, it willrespond elsewhere.

Thefourth point – never shift all the responsibility to karma law

Karma law isnot the only law of the universe. Therefore, all the events are not related tokarma law. Maybe you see someone doing good things and getting a bad result orvice versa. In this case, you should not blame this law. Because there areother rules in the universe that all affect our lives, and we do not have thepower to analyze that someone’s condition is the result of which of the laws ofthe universe.

We should beaware of this law and try to pay attention to the effect of our work in ourlives according to this law. You may be surprised if you know, both the Persianliterature and Islam have talked about the concept of karma law.

Karma lawin Persian literature

Karma law in Persian literature

Severalpoets show Karma concept, which we will mention one of them. Perhaps the mostfamous is Rumi’s poem about returning our action to ourselves:

This world is the mountain, and our action the shout: the echo of theshouts comes (back) to us.”

This poem clearly refers to the returning of our verb to ourselves. Likethe echoes of a voice that returns to ourselves in the mountains.

Mohammad Hussein Saghir Isfahani, poet of the twelfth century, has also referred to this concept in this poem:

One day anold man (great) tells his student go to the hell and bring a little fire for myhookah.

The studentbrings the hookah and goes and returns after a while, and after thinking a lot,he finds out the valuable training that the master wants to teach.

When hereturns he says to the old man: I went to hell and I didn’t see any fire andfirewood and charcoal there.

I did notsee anyone make a fire for the sinner’s torment.

Everyone whowas in hell was burning on the fire of his sins.

This poem actually refers to this: the torment that exists in the worldhereafter is our returning actions.

Islamic opinion about karma’s concept

Islamic opinion about karma’s concept

Islam considers actions with two instant and distant effects. Forexample, if you touch a flame, your hand will burn. This is an instant effectof your work. But if you do not treat well with your parents, your daily breadwill decrease. This is your distant effect.

In fact, Karma is equivalent to distant effects of the acts. Also inverses 7 and 8 of the Al-ZALZALA Sura:

‘’Whosoever has done an atom’s weight of good shall see it,

And whosoever has done an atom’s weight of evil shall see it’’

In addition, many have said that the Prophet did not blame others. Healso stopped the others from blaming. There is even a hadith from Imam Sadiq thathe says:

‘’One who blames the other for a sin will never die until he commit thatsin himself.’’

It means that if a person had committed a sin, we shouldn’t blame him for that sin. If we blame them, we will omit that sin someday. As you see this is one of the rules in the world. All the people will see some effects of karma when they think about their whole life. However, there may be countless cases that we cannot understand them.

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